How many Somayaagas are there and what are they?

Somayaagas are 7 in number. They are: (1) Agnishtomam (2) Athyagnishtomam (3) Ukthyam 4) Shodasi

Vaajapeyam (6) Athiraathram and (7) Sarvatomukha.

`2. What is Somayaagam?

The Great Yaagaas that can be done in kaliyuga are the Seven Somayaagas. Aapthoryaamam is the Seventh. Using a holy pyre (Agnihothram) and the shaasthras, incorporating the ancient (Sanaathana) Indian Vedic knowledge and increasing life energy in nature via the Somarasa derived from the Somalatha and submitting it to Nature (Gods) is the Somayaagam.

Soma means moon (Sa + Uma) and also means Lord Shiva. Uma mean Shakthi or Energy. Lord Shiva is with Shakthi implying that Somalatha is the lunar energy that can combine and balance material and energy. This is a Latha (Vine). On this earth, every plant (herb) grows due to lunar energy. Moon is the reason for emotions. Moon light influences nature and hearts of all living things. Somalatha is the only herb that grows (waxes) and diminishes (wanes) in tandem with lunar radiance.

Somalatha is the only herb that absorbs lunar energy to a large extent. Somalatha is available in Himalayas and in the forested areas of Western Ghats , Konkan region in South India. Doing a yagna does not mean doing devotion (Bhakthi) based regular pujas like Sathyavratham, Thirukalyaanam and Rudhraabhishekam. These are happy practices that orient the heart towards God. These practices have a social, mental and Mythological (Historical) context. These need to be absolutely followed. But Yagams are different from these.

Performing a Somayagnam is not based on mythology (History). It is related to Vedaas. It means that it is related to the science of knowledge. Historical text based duties can be modified in time according to the obtained Siddhi (Enlightenment) (e.g. using a copper idol instead of a gold idol in Sathyanaaraayana Vratham), but such modifications cannot be done in Vedic Yagnaas.

These have to be done in accordance with the established procedure. Somavalli Swarasa is primary in Somayagnam. The number of manthra (hymns) chapters in the nine somayagnams include 33 Shruthi-Sasthraas. Shruthi is manthrams from Saamavedham, sasthraas are Rigveda manthra. Names of the nine somayagnams are decided based on these Shruthi-sasthraas. “Vedhaanaam Somavedhosmi” was said by the Jagadhguru Sri Krishna himself. Without saamavedha there is no somayaagam.

Saamavedham is central to somayaagam. In somayaagam, apart from particularly constructing the yagnasthala in accordance with the body measurements of the owner, ghee from cows milk, sticks (samidhas) from various tree varieties, vessels (yagnapaathraas) made from special mud, vessels made from wood types such as Medi, Banyan, Chandra, cow milk, goat milk, specially made bricks and other such liquids are used along with Somalatha.

3. Who should do Somayaagam? How many are the Ruthvijaas (Rithviks)?

The eligibility for an owner in Somayagnam – to conduct the Somayagnam, a married man is required who has meditated on the vedhaas (Vedhadhyaanam), who is a descendent of a traditional marriage and performs daily Agnihothram, who has conducted the five Mahaayagnams (Dheva (Gods) – Pithru (Forefathers) – Manushya (Humans) – Bhootha (Natural elements) – Brahmayagnams), he who has been performing the Saptha (seven) Paakayagnams, he who does the Saptha (seven) haviryagnams and he who is without impure actions. Agni (fire) is primarily either Smaarthaagni or Srouthaagni. Smaarthaagni must be held by every householder.

The seven paakayagnams are those done in Gruhaagni or the fire in the house. With Haviryagnams Threthaagnis (Three fires) are realized which leads to Agnishtomam, the first of the seven Somayaagams, the performer of which is referred to as Somayaaji. If performing srouthayagnams is needed then doing the Srouthayagnam called Aagnyadhaanam, then doing upaasana of the Threthaagnis (Gaarhapathyaagni – Ahaavaneeyaagni – Dhakshinaagni) alone would provide eligibility for conducting Haviryagnams – Saptha Somayagnams.

The Gana (Nature) of a Rithvik – To perform the seven Somayagnams like the Agnishtomam, Rithviks belonging to the four Vedhaas are necessary mainly.“Hotha” Rugvedhi. “Adhvarya” Yajurvedhi. “Udhgaatha” Saamavedhi. “Brahma”is from the Vedhathriya or is an Atharvavedhi. These four are the main Rithiviks and have three assistants each. In total, there are 16 Rithviks, and 17 including the sadhasya thus forming the Rithvigana. The performer of the yagnam is the Yajamaani (owner).

With the help of the Rithviks, the person who conducts the yagnam is the adhvarya. All these people should be adept at the Samhitha, Braahmana, Srouthasooktha of various Vedhaas and should be knowledgeable of the prayoga procedure. “Main rithiviks”

1) Hothruganam – Hotha, Maithravaruna, Achaavaaka, Graavastha

2. Adhvaryuganam – Adhvarya, Prathiprasthaatha, Neshta, Unnetha

3. Udhgaathruganam – Udhgaatha, Prasthotha, Prathihartha, Subrahmanya

4. )Brahmaganam– Brahma,Braahmanaachamsi,Agnidhra,Potha. Sadhasya, Upadhrashta


4. Why should we do Somayaagam?

Similar to how we protect our bodies and take medicine when sick to regain health, the nation also needs to be protected and rejuvenated during bad times via Yagnams and Yaagaas. Protection of the nation by observing and realizing the arrival of changes in time is yaagam, similar to the observation of the changes in the body. Nature (prakruthi) is always attacked by anti-nature (vikruthi) (e.g. SAARS, Swine Flu, Bird Flu, Ebola, Mad Cow etc.). Our human bodies are attacked by about 50000 microorganisms (bacteria) every minute.

They attack our immunity strength. Whenever this strength reduces, we fall sick. Body and country is one. Man has been continuously attempting to destroy life energy of the world using various arms, nuclear explosions unlike no other life form. To change such thoughts of destruction, a human endeavor that is extremely stringent procedure wise, using Somalatha relating to the moon is Somayagnam. “Any yagnam is to protect the nature”.

5. For how many days must Somayaagam be done? What are the dietary requirements?

Somayaagas are of three types. One that completes in a day is called Ekaaham. One that completes in 12 days is called Aheenam. One that completes a few days after the12 days is called Sathram. What is really important is how many days is Suthyam done. The current Aapthoryaamam has a Suthyam of one day and is hence referred to as Ekaaham. The first three days are Dheeksha days (cleaning and purifying the Yaaga sthala, construction, collection of all necessary material …), five days are for continuous collection of Syenachithi everyday.

On the ninth day, agni (fire) is introduced into the Syenachithi and somarasa is dedicated to the suthyam amidst uninterrupted Sastra-Sthuthi followed by completion of the yaaga via Aavabrutha Snaana (bath).`‘Dietary requirements for the owner couple’ – The owner and his wife are on cow milk diet for these 12 days. The process of milking and obtaining the milk is called as Vrathadhoham. Milk needed for the owner is brought by the aadhvarya while the milk needed for the owner’s wife is brought by the Prathiprasthaatha. The Aaddhvarya boils the milk in the east fire and the Prathiprasthaatha boils the milk in the south fire and give them to the owner couple as part of the yaagam during midday and midnight.


6. Who is the main Deity for Somayaaga?

Indra is the main deity for Somayaaga. In the lordship of Indra, the five elements (panchbhoothas) and the eight directional lords (Ahikpaalakaas) who give strength to nature are important. Importance of Indra has been explained in Krishnayajurvedha’s Rudhraadhyaaya (Rudhraabhishekam) Chamakam sixth anuvaakam (Agnischame Indhraschame– Prajaapathischame Indhraschame). By yagnam – Indra with agni, with moon …., with sun ……, with Poosha Anudhevatha.., with Bruhaspathi… with mithradevatha …, with varuna (rain, water) …, with thvashta…, with dhaatha …, with Vishnu …., with Aswini dhevathaas …., with maruthus.., with viswadevathaas …, with prithvi (earth) …, with anthariksham (space, sky) …., with heavens … with the four directions …, with the upward direction (Urdhva dhise) …, with prajapathi (Shiva) – let these be my abhimukhas, agni etc. are prasidha Devathas. Indra is an equal part in all of them. Hence, Indra is the personification of all Devathaas. Therefore, yaagaas done with Indra, who is the chief of the Devathaas, are Somayaagas. Indra is the ruler of the world.

7. How many are the Samskaaras? What are they?

Smaskaaraas are 40, Aathmagunaas are 8. Pithru Samskaaraas are 8 (those that need to be done by father) – Garbhaadhaanam, Punsavanam, Seemantham (Baby shower), Jathakarma, Naamakaranam (Naming ceremony), Annapraasanam, Choodaakaranam (choulam), (Karnavedha), Upanayanam (Thread ceremony).Gurusamskaaras are 4 – (those that need to be done by Guru (Teacher)) Praajaapathyavratham, Soumyavratham, Aagneya Vratham, Vysvadheva Vratham (Vidhyaabhyaasamu mainly). Svakarthruka Samskaaraas are 7 – (those that need to be done by self)

Snaathakam, Vivaaham (Marriage), Dhevayagnam, Pithruyagnam, Manushya yagnam, Bhoothayagnam, Brahmayagnams. After doing the self samskaaraas to do Aathma Samskaara, there are 21 yagnams mainly. These are Paakayagnams which are 7 – Ashtaka, Paarvana, Maasisradhams, Sraavani (Sarpabali), Aagrahaayani, Chaithri (Esaanabali), Aasvayuji.Haviryangams are 7 – Aagnyadheyam, Agnihothram, Dharsa Pournamasyas, Chaathurmaasam (Vysvadheva Varuna Pragaasa – Sakamedha – Sunaarasiyamas), Nagrayaneshti, nirooda Pasubandham, Srouthaamani. Somayagnams are 7 –Agnishtomam, Athyagnishtomam, Ukthyam, Shodasi, Vaajapeyam, Athiraathram,Apthoryaamam. Apart from these there are many more Krathuvus have been mentioned for Dhesasamskaara. Aathmagunaas are 8 – Dhayaa, Kshaanthi, Anasuyaa, Soucham, Anaayaam, Maangalyam, Akaarpanyam and Aspruha. One who has/gets all these 48 Samskaaraas will be liberated from the life cycle as per Sruthi Vachanam.

8 What is Shroutham?

Sruthi means Vedas. Creation of all life forms is detailed in Rigvedham, state and Samskaaraas in Yajurvedham, cleansing of nature using all energy forms and thus obtaining happiness in Saamavedham and, splitting of atoms and synchronization, combining genes to giving life are detailed in Atharvanavedham.Yagnams with a specified mix of these four Vedams are called as Srouthakarmaas. Doing sroutha karmas is inherent with strict rules and regulations. Agnihothram needs to be done at sunrise and sunset before the appointed time lapses. This karma needs to be done every day for the entire life. Any delay in agni (fire) udharanam results in dhosha.

9. What is Shrouthanam (Continued)

Praayaschitham (Atonement) needs to be done. Dharsa poornamaaseshtas have to be done every poornima (full moon day) and amaavaasyaa (new moon day). Yajamaani (owner) needs to do agni (fire) aaraadhan (prayer) with the help of rithiviks like adhvarya, hotha, brahma etc. Post agnihothram, panchamahaayagnams (dheva yagnam (Gods), Pithru Yagnam (Forefathers), Manushya yagnam (humans),

Bhootha yagnam (five elements), Brahma Yagnam) have to be done in the morning. Apart from these, several other yagnams that come as compulsory procedures need to be done for world peace and prosperity. Aahithaagni must do Agnihothram every day. Several people who sacrificed their lives for the welfare of the country, lived in our country once upon a time. Even though this number has gone down, there are a few great people left because of our protection of dharma. Protection of those who do yagna yaaga krathus continuously for the welfare of all of us is our primary responsibility. Somayaagas like agnishtomam which are done following the sroutha soothras are not simple like the smaartha karma kaandaas. Procedures of these have been mentioned in the vedhaas.

Pure money in the form of abundant wealth – produce, complete help from people, rithiviks who have done detailed vedha study from the beginning till now are all mandatory. Even a minor mistake implies atonement. Sroutha karma kaanda is that which is done with immense clarity, bhakthi (devotion), dedication, punctuality and within rules and regulations. Despite the fact that vedhaas have existed for over thousands of years, conduct of yagna yaagaas using sanaathana (forever new and not ancient) procedures happening even now is only because of the vedha, kalpa, soothraa texts handed over by those who protect via vedhadhyaanam hereditarily.

10. What is the result of Somayaagam?

By doing Somayaaga, our personal wishes and desires may not be obtained but what nature needs is absolutely obtained. Doing homa using cow ghee ensures increase in wind of life (Oxygen). Doing homa using Somarasa ensures cleansing of all basic elements and increase of life energy. Apart from where Somayagnam is done, air in all places where the homa smoke reaches will be pure. Ground water will be available at ground level. Mineral strength in earth is increased. Rains fall as scheduled. Immunity increases in all life forms. Dangerous micro-organisms (bacteria) will be absent. Cows and buffalos give more milk. Milk will have higher nutritional value. Agricultural produce would be more. Women in that area will have normal deliveries and cesareans will be reduced. Accidents will be reduced. Humans will be without evil thoughts. Because of apthoryaamam somayaagam, basic requirements of humans will be available as per sruthi (vedham). This has been proved by scientific expriements.


11. What is Mahaagnichayanam?

Chayanam means that which is spread. It is giving Aahuthi via Agnihotram (Soma) on a Garuda fire which is spread and ready.

12. What is the difference between Animal and Human?

Animals are born horizontally and grow horizontally. Humans alone are born horizontally and grow vertically. Samskaaram differentiates humans from other life forms. Maa – nava means do not want a new birth. To reach moksha, vedhaas have given 48 samskaaraas. At least a third of them i.e., 16 need to be followed. He who obtains purity of samskaara (samskaara sudhi) is devoid of re-birth. Though everyone may not individually do but participating in these mahaayaagaas will give that samskaara benefit for all.

13. What is the difference between Animal and Human?

Animals are born horizontally and grow horizontally. Humans alone are born horizontally and grow vertically. Samskaaram differentiates humans from other life forms. Maa – nava means do not want a new birth. To reach moksha, vedhaas have given 48 samskaaraas. At least a third of them i.e., 16 need to be followed. He who obtains purity of samskaara (samskaara sudhi) is devoid of re-birth. Though everyone may not individually do but participating in these mahaayaagaas will give that samskaara benefit for all.

14. How will world peace happen if Yagnam is done in India?

Bhaaratha (Bharathaas) means those who do Yagnam. The sound of Bharatha has been mentioned in the vedhaas. Food eaten with the mouth reaches the stomach and provides strength to all parts of the body, similarly, doing yagnams and yaagaas in India, which is at the central region of the entire earth, causes life energy to reach the entire world.

15. What is the outcome of Mahaasourayaagam?

Aarogyam (Health) Bhaaskaraadhichcheth (given by sun) – Sun removes darkness from the entire world and gives energy. The collection of manthraas written in the 13 chapters of rigvedham about Sun, who is the primary source of creation, is Mahaasouram. This Mahaasoura manthram is recited in these 12 days by 12 rigvedha pundits with 12 paaraayana, 12 Mahaargvyapradhaanaas and 12 homaas. As a consequence, weather is cleansed, earth’s temperature is reduced and rainfall happens as scheduled. Further, since Sun is the lord of all planets, people born in the 9 planetary signs, 27 birth stars and 12 zodiac signs, have good health due to reduction in suffering due to incompatible planetary positions

(grahabaadha). Mahaasoura yagnam done for the mercy (anugraham) of the Sun lord removes kaaladhosha from everyone and provides good physical health for as long as we live. All life forms apart from us also get good health. Natural disasters are removed to some extent. – Those who need to face karmaphala (fruits of actions) reach clouds via Sun, and then reach earth as life elements in the form of rain, become seeds, then food, and form basic elements of the human body to form semen which reaches a mother’s womb to change into human form. Life forms that take birth obtain glow (shine) of life via Sun, continuously receive good sense (intelligence), strength and health via life energy and try for liberation from karma and attainment of moksha by following dharma. Health is necessary in this sequence. Giver of this health is Sun. Thus mahaasouram.

16. What debts are removed for people by doing Somayaagam?

Humans have main debts towards Dheva (Gods) – Rushi (Sages) – Pithru (Forefathers) for their entire life span. For the entire life span of a human, the food, water, clothing and other bodily blissful needs provided by God (nature) makes our soul be in debt. By doing yagnam, without harming nature’s balance (equilibrium), life energy on earth is enhanced and hence by doing yagnam (sacrifice) and protecting nature debt towards Gods is cleared.

That is dharma. By providing for family via education and learning (meaning) that we get and disseminating that knowledge would free us from debt towards sages. That is ardham. By accepting a domestic (family) life and causing growth in the family lineage via obtaining good children releases us from debt towards forefathers. That is kaamam. People who properly follow these three virtues obtain moksha .Currently, people are experiencing only ardham – kaamam and are released only from debts towards sages and forefathers. But moksha is not obtained unless debt towards Gods is also completed. To complete the debt towards Gods, all of us must practice yagnam. The improper completion (incomplete) of these dheva – rushi – pithru debts are the reason for our pain and suffering across multiple births.

To be free from this pain and suffering, doing a yagnam is the only way out. This secret of release from re-birth has been described in our sanaathana dharma samskruthi (cultural texts) alone. Family lineage is enhanced by participating in sourayaagam via somayaagams due to the removal of grahabhaadha (planetary pain) and prevention of sarpasaapam (curse of the reptiles), pithrusaapam (curse of the forefathers) and dhevasaapam (curse of Gods). Therefore performing yagnams is important. Important. Important.